What are the solutions for hyperopia? 16 June 2017 To put it simply, hyperopia is the opposite of myopia. A hypermetropic patient tends not to see well from near or far, and can therefore have difficulty reading without glasses or contact lenses. Cliniques Michel Pop can help you to understand this defect of vision and propose solutions such as a hyperopia operation. Where does my hyperopia come from? Hyperopia is often due to an eye that is “too short”, contrary to myopia which is due to an eye that is “too long”. In the case of hyperopia, the image of an object visualized by the patient is formed behind the retina instead of forming directly on the retina. It is this focusing error that is at the source of the blurred vision. Patients with impaired vision have long, narrow vision and have difficulty performing everyday actions such as threading a needle or reading instructions on a medicine box. Different degrees of hyperopia Between 0 and 3 dioptres, consists of a weak or moderate hyperopia, also called latent hypermetropia. It can develop in a subject without a family history and does not always require correction. Some hyperopic subjects are not even aware of their condition, especially among people under 35 years of age. A slightly hypermetropic eye is indeed able to adapt at the price of a constant effort. The patients concerned often suffer visual fatigue and headaches without necessarily being aware of their lack of vision. If you have trouble reading and/or watching TV gives you headaches, consider consulting a specialist because you may be hypermetropic and need glasses. Farsighted hyperopia (over 3 dioptres) is hereditary and usually requires the wearing of glasses, and occasionally is accompanied by dryness. Hyperopia through the ages Infants and children often have mild hyperopia (2 to 3 diopters) which naturally corrects in most cases. Did you know that the eyeballs of an individual grow up until adolescence? Thanks to this ocular growth, the shape of an eye that is initially “too short” is naturally corrected. After 40-45 years, presbyopia can be added to hyperopia. This vision disorder is not an eye disease, but a natural aging process that makes reading or doing manual tasks from up close harder than it used to be. A patient suffering from presbyopia loses their faculty of accommodation and hyperopia makes its presence all the more felt. Some patients discover that they are hyperopic (farsighted) only when presbyopia occurs! What are the remedies for hyperopia? There are several solutions to correct hyperopia. Cliniques Michel Pop offer an excimer laser operation that reshapes the periphery of the eye and increases the curvature of the eye. Note that presbyopia and hyperopia can be corrected during the same operation. It is important that the patient and the surgeon communicate regularly so that the patient understands what the operation is about and that they are prepared for their vision to evolve during the months following the surgery. The laser is effective for hyperopia with less than 3 diopters. For hyperopia of more than 3 diopters, intraocular lenses are the solution. In patients under the age of 40, an EVA (STAAR) phakic lens is required, while in patients over 40 years of age, it is a quadrafocal lens PANOPTIX (Alcon Company). Do not hesitate to make an appointment with Cliniques Michel Pop to schedule a free evaluation and discuss a possible operation.